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Table 4 Effect of dietary inclusion of citrus pulp, fish by-product, and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass on apparent total tract digestibility (%) of nutrients in weanling pigs 1

From: Effects of citrus pulp, fish by-product and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fecal microflora of weanling pigs

Item Citrus pulp, fish by-product, and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass, % SEM2 P-values3
0 2.5 5.0 Linear Quadratic
Phase I (d 8–14)  
DM 84.63b 84.99ab 85.49a 0.15 0.003 0.714
GE 83.56b 83.89ab 84.19a 0.12 0.005 0.890
CP 79.66 79.93 80.21 0.275 0.098 0.906
Ash 60.02b 60.76ab 61.72a 0.26 0.005 0.461
Ca 56.48 55.52 54.99 1.77 0.548 0.851
P 45.58 45.22 45.04 1.03 0.690 0.592
Phase II (d 22–28)  
DM 81.87 82.04 82.77 0.35 0.106 0.535
GE 82.14 82.67 83.34 0.47 0.101 0.909
CP 75.95 76.78 77.39 0.61 0.127 0.885
Ash 54.98 55.34 55.57 0.75 0.595 0.947
Ca 52.08 52.34 52.53 1.38 0.821 0.983
P 46.96 47.57 48.67 1.52 0.448 0.894
  1. abValues with different superscripts of the row significantly differ (p < 0.05).
  2. 1Data represent means based on 6 replicates per treatment.
  3. 2Standard error of means.
  4. 3Linear and quadratic effects of increasing citrus pulp and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass in the diet.