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Table 5 Effect of dietary inclusion of citrus pulp, fish by-product, and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass on fecal microflora (Log 10 cfu/g) of weanling pigs 1

From: Effects of citrus pulp, fish by-product and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fecal microflora of weanling pigs

Item Citrus pulp, fish by-product, and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass, % SEM2 P-values3
0 2.5 5.0 Linear Quadratic
Phase I (d 14)  
Total anaerobic bacteria 9.23b 9.32ab 9.50a 0.05 0.020 0.446
Bifidobacterium spp. 8.73 8.78 8.79 0.05 0.434 0.706
Clostridium spp. 7.21 7.17 7.10 0.07 0.277 0.846
Coliforms 6.98 6.95 6.93 0.05 0.517 0.907
Phase II (d 28)  
Total anaerobic bacteria 9.38b 9.46ab 9.57a 0.16 0.020 0.786
Bifidobacterium spp. 8.82 8.85 8.88 0.18 0.379 0.976
Clostridium spp. 7.30 7.26 7.24 0.22 0.400 0.887
Coliforms 7.16 7.11 7.08 0.23 0.362 0.814
  1. abValues with different superscripts of the row significantly differ (p < 0.05).
  2. 1Data represent means based on 6 replicates per treatment.
  3. 2Standard error of means.
  4. 3Linear and quadratic effects of increasing citrus pulp and Bacillus subtilis fermentation biomass in the diet.