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Table 2 Developed scoring scale for good feeding, housing, and health

From: Development of pig welfare assessment protocol integrating animal-, environment-, and management-based measures

Measures Scores Description
Body condition 0 Animal with a good body condition
1 Animal with moderate body condition
2 Animal with a poor body condition (lean animals)
Feed quality1 0 Less than 1/3 is clod and there is no smell
1 More than 1/3 but less than 1/2 is clod and doesn’t smell or less than 1/3 is clod but smells sour
2 More than half is clod and smells sour
Temperature2 0 Temperature is appropriate for the pigs
2 Temperature is inappropriate for the pigs
Ammonia concentration2 0 Ammonia concentration below 50 ppm
2 Ammonia concentration exceeded 50 ppm
Bursitis 0 No existence of bursa
1 One or several small bursa or one medium bursa in same leg
2 Several medium bursa or one big bursa in same leg
Manure on the body 0 Less than 20% of body is covered with feces
1 20 to 50% of body is covered with feces
2 More than 50% of body is covered with feces
Huddling1 0 No pigs showing huddling behavior
1 Less than 20% of pigs show huddling behavior
2 More than 20% of pigs show huddling behavior
Panting1 0 No pigs are panting
1 Less than 20% of pigs are panting
2 More than 20% of pigs are panting
Shivering1 0 No pigs are shivering
1 Less than 20% of pigs are shivering
2 More than 20% of pigs are shivering
Facility condition1 0 No facility damage inside the pen
2 There is facility damage inside the pen
Wounds on body 0 No wounds on pig body
2 Wound on any part of pig body
Tail biting 0 No existence of tail biting
2 Visible fresh blood on the tail and/or evidence of swelling and infection and/or part of the tail missing
Lameness 0 Normal
2 Severely lame or not able to walk
Pumping 0 No evidence of labored breathing
2 Evidence of labored breathing
Scouring1 0 No liquid manure visible in the pen
2 Liquid manure visible in the pen
Twisted snouts 0 No evidence of twisted snouts
2 Evidence of twisted snouts
Hernia 0 No hernia
2 Hernia/ruptures observed in pig
Rectal prolapse 0 No rectal prolapse
2 Rectal prolapse observed in pig
Skin condition 0 Normal skin condition
2 Pig has inflamed, discolored, or spotted skin
Veterinary-client-relationship3 0 (1) There is an associated veterinarian that visits the farm regularly to check animal health conditions. (2) The veterinarian is readily available to follow up when health problems occur on the farm.
1 Only one aspect of previous point is fulfilled
2 None of the previous points are fulfilled
Medication record3 0 Medication record exists
2 Medication record does not exist
Euthanasia methods3 0 1. There is capable person with sufficient knowledge to euthanize pigs. 2. The method used is safe for human and animal.
1 Only one aspect of previous point is fulfilled
2 None of the previous point is fulfilled
  1. 1Pen level.
  2. 2House level.
  3. 3Farm level.