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Table 5 Effects of feeding by-product feed-based silage on drinking, urination, and defecation in growing Hanwoo heifers

From: Effects of by-product feed-based silage on feeding, rumination, and excretion in growing Hanwoo heifers

Item Diet 1) with SE p-value
Drinking frequency/d 10.3 7.0 6.8 1.7 0.1153
Urinating frequency/d 4.5 4.3 5.3 1.2 0.6829
Defecating frequency/d 5.5ab 3.5b 6.8a 1.1 0.0309
  1. 1)The three diets were as follows: RS (free access to rice straw); RSBFS (free access to rice straw and BF-based silage); and BFS (free access to BF-based silage).
  2. 2)BF-based silage (BFS) was a by-product feed-based silage, which was composed of 50% spent mushroom substrate, 21% recycled poultry bedding, 15% ryegrass straw, 10.8% rice bran, 2% molasses, 0.6% bentonite, and 0.6% microbial culture, and was ensiled for over 2 weeks.
  3. a,b,cMeans with different superscripts within the same row are significantly different (p < 0.05).