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Table 2 The status of Hanwoo breeding and the concentrations of nutrients in manure and compost from 40 farms

From: Investigation of Hanwoo manure management and estimation of nutrient loading coefficients on land application

The number of heads per farm 10 ~ 220 (Average 60.5)
Daily manure production (kg/head) Aa B
16.8 ± 3.1 13.7
The number of bedding exchanges (turn/year) 0 ~ 12
Daily compost production (kg/day) 25 ~ 1078
  Concentrations of nutrient in manure (g/kg) Concentrations of nutrient in compost (g/kg)
Aa B
Volatile solids 41.3 ± 19.2 27.1 180.3 ± 82.4
Total nitrogen 8.1 ± 2.6 8.5 12.7 ± 4.7
Total phosphorus 1.7 ± 0.9 2.6 4.8 ± 2.2
  1. aA, Questionnaire; B, Ministry of Environment