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Table 1 Spatial history of PPR outbreaks in various regions of Pakistan

From: Peste des petits ruminants in Pakistan; past, present and future perspectives

Region/City Month/Year Specie affected Diagnostic test Reference
Punjab province 1991 Goat Clinical signs [24]
Punjab province 1995 Goat Clinical signs and ELISA [18]
D.G. Khan 1997 Goat Clinical signs [26]
Rawalpindi 1998 Sheep & Goat Clinical signs and ELISA [49]
Okara February, 2005 Goat cELISA [15]
Lahore April, 2006 Goat AGID [73]
Islamabad Capital Territory 2006 Sheep Clinical and ELISA [91]
Arandu, South West Chitral 2007 Goat cELISA [4]
Multan, Faisalabad 2011 Goat RT-PCR [64]
Faisalabad, Attock, D.G Khan, Bhakkar, Kasur Jan-Dec, 2010 Sheep & Goat RT-PCR and cELISA [54]
Islamabad Capital Territory 2011 Goat Clinical, antigen and antibody detection [9]
Sindh Province 2009−2011 Sheep & Goat cELISA [7]
Sindh Province 2009 Sindh Ibex Clinical, antigen and antibody detection [8]
Gujranwala Sep-Dec, 2012 Sheep & Goat RT-PCR [16]
Islamabad Capital Territory 2014 Goat Clinical and antigen detection [86]
Attock, Texilla, Islamabad Capital Territory 2015 Goat ELISA and PCR [12]