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Table 3 Carcass yield and composition in elk bulls according to the castration time

From: The effect of castration time on growth and carcass production of elk bulls

  T1a T2 T3 T4
Live weight at slaughter (kg) 324.40 ± 20.93 360.00 ± 19.52 322.80 ± 75.80 316.80 ± 14.14
Hot carcass weight (kg) 187.80 ± 20.01 211.70 ± 30.03 196.90 ± 20.01 201.20 ± 27.05
Cold carcass weight (kg) 184.20 ± 10.18 206.00 ± 23.76 197.10 ± 40.02 195.90 ± 0.99
Dressing weight (kg) 129.90 ± 10.02 153.23 ± 29.03 143.00 ± 30.03 156.41 ± 10.06
Dressing percentage (%) 56.80 ± 0.57 57.15 ± 3.46 61.30 ± 1.98 61.90 ± 2.40
Total meat weight (kg) 129.91 ± 10.60 153.24 ± 16.28 143.00 ± 33.52 157.42 ± 0.11
Total meat Percentage (%) 70.50 ± 1.84b 74.40 ± 0.71c 72.35 ± 2.33c 79.85 ± 0.35b
Total fat weight (kg) 25.25 ± 1.53b 23.72 ± 6.70b 24.55 ± 1.08b 10.53 ± 0.24c
Total fat Percentage (%) 13.75 ± 1.60b 11.40 ± 1.94b 12.66 ± 2.02b 5.38 ± 0.15c
Head weight (kg) 14.62 ± 6.07 17.19 ± 4.05 14.52 ± 5.01 16.04 ± 5.02
Velvet antler yields (kg) 8.80 ± 1.71 8.42 ± 1.23 9.83 ± 2.21 8.90 ± 0.14
Total Intestine weight (kg) 48.97 ± 5.04 51.69 ± 7.01 50.04 ± 8.02 37.51 ± 20.07
Bone weight (kg) 29.16 ± 1.33 28.90 ± 1.82 29.25 ± 1.23 29.00 ± 0.87
Hindquarter weight (kg) 6.49 ± 1.03 7.91 ± 1.64 7.12 ± 1.46 7.16 ± 1.77
Hindquarter percentage (%) 3.52 ± 0.53 3.84 ± 0.62 3.61 ± 0.22 3.65 ± 0.79
Forequarter weight (kg) 15.99 ± 5.04 18.12 ± 5.31 17.57 ± 4.03 19.39 ± 5.03
Forequarter percentage (%) 9.90 ± 0.93 8.68 ± 0.61 8.80 ± 0.53 8.91 ± 0.34
Saddle weight (kg) 19.53 ± 1.04d 23.67 ± 1.01c 20.87 ± 1.05d 26.34 ± 1.09b
Saddle percentage (%) 10.60 ± 0.41c 11.49 ± 0.65c 10.59 ± 0.98c 13.29 ± 0.14b
Tenderloin weight (kg) 3.73 ± 1.03 4.10 ± 1.01 3.98 ± 1.04 4.09 ± 1.44
Tenderloin percentage (%) 2.02 ± 0.74 1.99 ± 0.45 2.02 ± 0.61 2.09 ± 0.81
Brisket weight (kg) 14.37 ± 3.14d 16.94 ± 2.29c 16.63 ± 1.94c 20.26 ± 1.39b
Brisket percentage (%) 7.80 ± 1.23c 8.22 ± 0.89c 8.44 ± 1.09c 10.34 ± 0.39b
Rib weight (kg) 19.97 ± 4.33 23.14 ± 5.06 21.63 ± 4.54 19.06 ± 6.21
Rib percentage (%) 10.84 ± 2.03 11.23 ± 3.32 10.97 ± 3.01 9.73 ± 5.32
Chunk weight (kg) 7.47 ± 4.54 9.26 ± 5.87 8.42 ± 6.87 14.92 ± 4.64
Chunk percentage (%) 4.06 ± 4.43 4.49 ± 4.65 4.27 ± 5.84 7.62 ± 5.83
  1. All values are Mean ± SD (n = 3)
  2. aT1: mid-Mar, T2: mid-Apr, T3: mid-Jun, T4: entires
  3. b-dFigures with different letters within a same row differ significantly (p < 0.05)