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Table 9 Least square means for the fatty acid (FA) composition (% of total FA) of perirenal adipose tissue in goats fed graded levels of blend of 80 % canola oil and 20 % palm oil

From: Carcass traits, meat yield and fatty acid composition of adipose tissues and Supraspinatus muscle in goats fed blend of canola oil and palm oil

  Level of BCPOd (%)   P value
Parameter 0 4 8 SEM Overall Linear Quadratic
C14:0, myristic 6.02a 3.87b 3.85b 0.46 0.005 0.001 0.974
C16:0, palmitic 23.44 25.74 24.18 2.34 0.774 0.614 0.619
C16:1n-7, palmitoleic 2.94a 1.99b 1.83c 0.13 <.0001 <.0001 0.336
C18:0, stearic 40.18a 38.92b 30.64c 1.79 0.001 0.027 0.002
C18:1n-9, oleic 17.69c 21.03b 29.05c 1.73 0.001 0.003 0.002
C18:1 trans-11 Vaccenic 4.27 3.55 5.15 1.34 0.668 0.966 0.376
CLA cis-9 trans-11 0.80b 1.09a 1.11a 0.04 0.054 0.046 0.191
CLA trans-10 cis-12 0.36 0.36 0.33 0.15 0.578 0.369 0.603
C18:2n-6, linoleic 3.52 3.20 3.70 0.27 0.404 0.839 0.188
C18:3n-3, linolenic 0.27 0.32 0.28 0.02 0.213 0.240 0.185
C20:4n-6, arachidonic 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.12 0.702 0.757 0.440
C20:5n-3, eicosapentaenoic 0.76 0.53 0.52 0.18 0.593 0.313 0.966
C22:5n-3, docosapentaenoic 0.15 0.47 0.32 0.15 0.356 0.218 0.463
C22:6n-3, docosahexaenoic 0.11 0.30 0.24 0.16 0.705 0.751 0.445
Total FA (mg/g of fat) 544.47 673.58 692.52 124.31 0.679 0.389 0.909
FA ratios and sums
∑SFA 69.64a 68.53b 58.67c 2.36 <.0001 0.004 0.0002
∑MUFA 24.91c 26.57b 36.02a 1.54 <.0001 0.005 0.0001
∑PUFA 5.78 6.33 6.55 0.33 0.884 0.127 0.654
∑n-3 1.29 1.63 1.36 0.29 0.709 0.517 0.613
∑n-6 3.63 3.26 3.78 0.40 0.224 0.966 0.376
n-6:n-3 2.81 2.00 2.78 0.89 0.643 0.354 0.988
UFA:SFA 0.44c 0.47b 0.71a 0.04 <.0001 0.005 <.0001
PUFA:SFA 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.01 0.144 0.758 0.054
Desaturase and elongase indices
ID16 11.14a 7.18b 7.03c 0.90 0.020 0.031 0.123
ID18 30.57c 35.08b 48.67a 1.34 0.014 0.042 0.070
Elongation Index (EI) 68.68 68.37 69.64 2.19 0.859 0.706 0.901
  1. a,b,cmeans having different superscript along the a row are significantly different (P < 0.05). ∑SFA = (C14:0 + C16:0 + C18:0), ∑MUFA = (C16:1+ C18:1+ C18:1 trans-11), ∑UFA = (C16:1+ C18:1+ C18:1 trans-11+ CLA cis-9 trans-11+ CLA cis-12 trans-10 + ∑n-3 + ∑n-6), ∑PUFA = (C18:1 trans-11+ CLA cis-9 trans-11+ CLA cis-12 trans-10 + ∑n-3 + ∑n-6), ∑n-3 = (C18:3n-3 + C20:5n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C22:6n-3), ∑n-6 = (C18:2n-6 + C20:4n-6) n-6:n-3 = (C18:2n-6 + C20:4n-6) ÷ (C18:3n-3 + C20:5n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C22:6n-3), UFA:SFA = (∑UFA/∑SFA), PUFA:SFA = (∑PUFA/∑SFA). ID16, (Δ 9 desaturase enzyme activity on C16:0) = 100(C16:1)/(C16:0 + C16:1), ID18, (Δ 9 desaturase enzyme activity on C18:0) = 100(C18:1)/C18:0 + C18:1). EI = 100[(C18:0 + C18:1 n-9)/(C18:0 + C18:1n-9 + C16:0 + C16:1)]. SEM = standard error of means. Values are least square means for 8 goats per diet. dblend of 80 % canola oil and 20 % palm oil