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Table 5 Effect of misting and wallowing on serum metabolites, electrolytes, enzyme activity and redox status of heat stressed lactating Murrah buffaloes

From: Effect of misting and wallowing cooling systems on milk yield, blood and physiological variables during heat stress in lactating Murrah buffalo

Parameters Urea Creatinine Glucose Sodium Potassium Chloride AST AKP SOD ROS
Period (p value) <.0001* <.0001* 0.1132 0.15 0.0203* 0.26 <.0001* <.0001* 0.0054* <.0001*
Treatment (p value) 0.33 0.02* 0.2298 <.0001* 0.52 0.99 0.4618 0.95 0.48 0.65
Control 20.27 1.87a 47.49 129.94 b 6.72 89.51 40.20 10.01 304.6 4.86
Misting 20.19 1.80 b 48.07 153.83 a 6.56 89.45 39.40 10.05 314.49 4.80
Wallowing 19.94 1.84 ab 47.78 152.83 a 6.89 89.47 39.88 10.03 315.16 4.86
SE for Treatment 0.16 0.02 0.23 0.70 0.20 0.27 0.45 0.10 6.79 0.05
Period*Treatment (p value) 0.94 0.64 0.30 0.04* 0.003* 0.99 0.71 0.68 0.35 0.64
May Control 19.53 d 1.91 d 47.53 129.17 b 5.33 b 89.13 39.99 ab 10.23 a 308.80 4.56 b
  Misting 19.40d 1.78 d 47.98 154.83 a 6.50 ab 89.10 38.03b 10.38a 305.60 4.60b
  Wallowing 19.70cd 1.84 cd 47.93 151.5 a 7.17 a 89.10 38.72 ab 10.43 a 305.80 4.71 b
June Control 20.03 abcd 1.77 abcd 48.33 128.67 b 7.17 a 89.60 39.10 ab 10.62 a 298.90 4.69 b
  Misting 19.53 d 1.70 d 48.20 151.17 a 6.33 ab 89.53 38.53 ab 10.42 a 297.70 4.57 b
  Wallowing 19.90 bcd 1.75 bcd 47.80 154.50 a 6.50 ab 89.67 38.93 ab 10.54 a 296.83 4.63 b
July Control 21.00 ab 1.93 a 46.60 132.0 b 7.67a 89.80 41.50ab 9.18 b 306.1 5.34 a
  Misting 20.90 abc 1.90 abc 48.02 155.50 a 6.83 ab 89.72 41.65 a 9.36b 340.17 5.25a
  Wallowing 21.20 a 1.93 a 47.60 152.50 a 7.00 a 89.63 42.00 a 9.11 b 342.83 5.25 a
SE for Period* Treatment 0.27 0.03 0.41 1.22 0.35 0.47 0.78 0.18 11.76 .08
  1. Effect of Period, treatment and interaction of Period and treatment are indicated with p values
  2. Means within a column having different superscripts differ significantly
  3. Urea (mg/100 ml), Creatinine (mg/100 ml), Glucose (mg/100 ml), Sodium (meq/L), Potassium (meq/L), Chloride (mg/100 ml), AST Aspartate aminotransferase (IU/L), AKPAlkaline phosphatase (KA units), SOD Superoxide dismutase (U/ml), ROS Reactive oxygen species (mg H2O2 equivalents/ml)