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Table 1 Composition, nutrient content and feed cost of total mixed ration containing Korean rice wine residue (RWR) at different inclusion rates for Hanwoo steers at growing stage

From: Rumen fermentation and performance of Hanwoo steers fed total mixed ration with Korean rice wine residue

Parameters Treatments
Con T1 T2
Feed composition(% of DM)    
 Oat hay 41.32 38.17 36.26
 Timothy hay 14.75 13.63 13.79
 Alfalfa hay 4.77 4.41 4.46
 Wheat grain 4.78 3.19 3.23
 Corn 18.34 15.72 15.91
 Corn gluten feed 3.34 3.12 3.16
 Lupine 6.63 6.13 6.20
 Brewers grain 4.13 3.82 0.00
 Salt 0.28 0.26 0.26
 Limestone 0.58 0.53 0.54
 RWRa 0.00 10.03 15.19
 Molasses 0.55 0.50 0.50
 Vitamin-mineral mix 0.53 0.49 0.50
Nutrient content (% of DM)    
 Crude protein (CP) 14.62 15.52 15.56
 Ether extract (EE) 3.93 3.60 3.22
 Ash 9.60 10.10 9.65
 Crude fiber (CF) 18.58 24.17 24.39
 Nitrogen free extract (NFE) 53.27 46.61 47.17
 Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) 49.13 61.67 59.91
 Acid detergent fiber (ADF) 34.94 36.03 34.78
 Total digestible nutrient (TDN)b 66.12 65.40 66.22
  1. aKorean rice wine residue; bTDN = 88.936-(0.653*ADF)
  2. Control (Con: 0 % RWR + TMR), Treatment 1 (T1: 10 % RWR + TMR), Treatment 2 (T2: 15 % RWR + TMR)