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Table 2 Effect of diet and sampling time on serum biochemical parameters (mean ± standard error) in goats

From: Serum fatty acids, biochemical indices and antioxidant status in goats fed canola oil and palm oil blend

   Level of CPOBg P value
Parameter (mmol/L) Sampling day 0 4 8 Diet Diet x sampling
Total cholesterol 0 2.51 ± 0.3 2.05 ± 0.3d 2.28 ± 0.5d 0.20  
30 1.85 ± 0.1b 2.09 ± 0.3abd 2.55 ± 0.4ad 0.05 0.03
60 2.54 ± 0.5b 3.75 ± 0.4ae 3.27 ± 0.4ae 0.02  
90 2.09 ± 0.2b 2.58 ± 0.3ad 2.44 ± 0.2ad 0.04
P value 0.54 0.04 0.02  
HDL cholesterol 0 1.57 ± 0.1 1.34 ± 0.3 1.33 ± 0.3 0.27  
30 0.94 ± 0.2c 1.35 ± 0.3b 1.66 ± 0.4a 0.02
60 1.64 ± 0.3b 2.30 ± 0.8a 2.08 ± 0.3a 0.01 0.01
90 1.09 ± 0.3b 1.49 ± 0.3a 1.42 ± 0.2a 0.02  
P value 0.21 0.23 0.12  
LDL cholesterol 0 0.94 ± 0.2 0.74 ± 0.1 0.95 ± 0.2 0.37  
30 0.91 ± 0.1 0.84 ± 0.3 0.89 ± 0.1 0.07
60 0.90 ± 0.2 1.45 ± 0.2 1.20 ± 0.3 0.21 0.23
90 1.00 ± 0.3 1.07 ± 0.3 1.02 ± 0.1 0.95  
P value 0.15 0.12 0.08  
VLDL cholesterol 0 0.08 ± 0.0 0.09 ± 0.0 0.10 ± 0.0 0.77  
30 0.04 ± 0.0 0.06 ± 0.0 0.06 ± 0.0 0.14
60 0.09 ± 0.0 0.13 ± 0.0 0.10 ± 0.0 0.24 0.56
90 0.04 ± 0.0 0.05 ± 0.0 0.05 ± 0.0 0.16  
P value 0.41 0.07 0.06  
Triglycerides 0 0.43 ± 0.0 0.44 ± 0.1 0.50 ± 0.1 0.76  
30 0.48 ± 0.1 0.65 ± 0.1 0.51 ± 0.1 0.11
60 0.20 ± 0.0 0.32 ± 0.0 0.29 ± 0.1 0.31 0.84
90 0.21 ± 0.0 0.27 ± 0.0 0.21 ± 0.0 0.26  
P value 0.09 0.21 0.33  
Glucose 0 2.50 ± 0.1 2.34 ± 0.2 2.80 ± 0.2 0.19  
30 3.18 ± 0.2 2.84 ± 0.2 3.02 ± 0.2 0.57
60 2.31 ± 0.3 2.38 ± 0.4 2.50 ± 0.2 0.93 0.67
90 2.83 ± 0.1 2.62 ± 0.3 2.81 ± 0.3 0.85  
P value 0.11 0.21 0.36  
Protein (g/L) 0 72.90 ± 4.4 75.66 ± 3.7 76.55 ± 1.9 0.75  
30 65.80 ± 4.5 68.10 ± 3.8 71.88 ± 4.1 0.17
60 72.25 ± 4.3 80.12 ± 4.2 81.07 ± 3.5 0.07 0.35
90 64.80 ± 2.2 67.52 ± 2.7 63.65 ± 2.4 0.54  
P value 0.57 0.22 0.45  
  1. a, b, cmeans having different superscript along the same row are significantly different (P < 0.05). d, emeans having different superscript along the same column are significantly different (P < 0.05). g80 % canola oil and 20 % palm oil blend