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Table 5 Effect of diet and sampling time on sums and ratios (mean ± standard error) of fatty acids in serum of goats

From: Serum fatty acids, biochemical indices and antioxidant status in goats fed canola oil and palm oil blend

   Level of dietary CPOBg P value
Parameter Sampling day 0 4 8 Diet Diet x sampling day
∑SFA 0 39.93 ± 1.4 40.18 ± 2.0 42.62 ± 1.4 0.66 0.23
30 42.27 ± 1.2 43.08 ± 3.6 41.15 ± 2.7 0.88
60 43.69 ± 2.3 41.06 ± 2.4 40.43 ± 1.4 0.70
90 40.16 ± 2.3 38.73 ± 4.3 40.01 ± 1.8 0.16
P value 0.75 0.23 0.64  
∑MUFA 0 29.15 ± 2.4 25.74 ± 1.1 27.02 ± 2.0 0.19 0.08
30 23.99 ± 0.7 25.68 ± 1.6 24.87 ± 1.7 0.23
60 19.70 ± 2.1 22.41 ± 1.3 27.11 ± 2.2 0.70
90 23.64 ± 4.3 21.75 ± 2.3 20.82 ± 1.8 0.45
P value 0.07 0.21 0.06  
∑PUFA 0 31.20 ± 1.4d 30.23 ± 2.0d 30.46 ± 2.3d 0.56 0.19
30 33.81 ± 1.2d 30.23 ± 3.6d 32.78 ± 4.1d 0.55
60 36.64 ± 2.6e 36.10 ± 3.4e 35.6 ± 2.2e 0.11
90 36.26 ± 3.2ae 39.46 ± 2.5be 38.48 ± 3.1be 0.03
P value 0.04 0.02 0.03  
∑n-3 0 11.09 ± 2.4 12.38 ± 1.6d 10.63 ± 2.0d 0.82 0.04
30 10.64 ± 1.1 10.55 ± 1.1d 8.87 ± 0.9d 0.24
60 11.30 ± 2.4a 14.56 ± 3.0be 16.26 ± 2.1be 0.03
90 12.80 ± 3.0a 18.89 ± 4.1ae 20.36 ± 2.2ae 0.01
P value 0.51 0.02 0.01  
∑n-6 0 20.11 ± 0.9d 21.60 ± 1.2 19.83 ± 2.2e 0.10 0.56
30 23.17 ± 1.4d 21.61 ± 2.6 23.89 ± 2.1e 0.38
60 25.34 ± 2.0e 21.54 ± 1.2 19.36 ± 1.5e 0.91
90 23.46 ± 1.7d 20.57 ± 2.0 18.12 ± 1.3d 0.56
P value 0.04 0.55 0.03  
n-6:n-3 0 1.81 ± 0.3 1.94 ± 0.2d 1.86 ± 0.2d 0.22 0.03
30 2.17 ± 0.3 1.86 ± 0.4d 2.70 ± 0.4d 0.27
60 2.20 ± 0.1a 1.74 ± 0.3bd 1.00 ± 0.3ce 0.04
90 1.83 ± 0.2a 1.49 ± 0.3be 0.89 ± 0.1ce 0.01
P value 0.18 0.02 0.01  
  1. a, b cmeans having different superscript along the same row are significantly different (P < 0.05). d, e, fmeans having different superscript along the same column are significantly different (P < 0.05). g80 % canola oil and 20 % palm oil blend. ∑SFA = (C14:0 + C15:0 + C16:0 + C18:0), ∑MUFA = (C16:1 + C18:1), ∑PUFA = (∑n-3 + ∑n-6), ∑n-3 = (C18:3n-3 + C20:5n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C22:6n-3), ∑n-6 = (C18:2n-6+ C18:3n-6) + C20:4n-6) n-6:n-3 = (C18:2n-6 + C18:3n-6 + C20:4n-6) ÷ (C18:3n-3 + C20:5n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C22:6n-3)