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Table 1 The effect of aging treatment and aging time on retail cutting yields (%) of typical steaks

From: Dry aging of beef; Review

Item Fabrication of cuts Dry aged Wet aged References
14d 21d 28d 35d 14d 21d 28d 35d
Ribeye steaks Ribeye 70.5b 66.7c 63.5d 61.7d 84.7a 83.7a 82.9a 83.3a [32]
Beef for stew 0.3 2.2 0.7 1.6 1.8 2.4 2.2 3.6
Lean trimmings 1.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 2 2.3 1.9 1.2
Fat trim 2.5 1.7 - - 5.1 5.7 5.5 5.6
Waste trimmings 16.8b 17.3b 24.2a 22.8a 4.0cd 1.0e 5.4c 2.5de
Cooler shrink 6.0d 7.6c 9.7b 11.7a - - - -
Purge 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.6
Total saleable yield 72.2b 69.3c 64.3d 63.5d 88.4a 88.4a 86.9a 88.1a
Strip steaks Strip loin 48.4 47 45 43.4 54.6 53.6 52.2 51 [18]
Vein steak 11.7 11.6 8.6 9.1 14 14.7 12.7 14.4
Beef for stew 1.9 1.9 0.8 1.2 3.2 3.7 2 1.8
Lean trimmings 0.1 0.4 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.8 2.2
Fat trim 16.6ab 10.1c 6.3c 14.6b 20.3a 14.7b 19.1a 17.7a
Waste trimmings 3.2cd 9.1b 16.0a 7.6bc 0.7d 4.9cd 4.6bcd 5.9bc
Cooler shrink 8.2c 9.5b 11.2a 11.9a 1.0d 1.2d 0.8d 0.9d
Purge 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Total saleable yield 62.1 60.8 55.9 54.7 72.4 72.9 72.9 69.8
Top sirloin steaks Top sirloins 57.3 54.1 50.4 48.7 75.8 75.6 67.9 70.2 [32]
Beef for stew 0.4b - 1.2b 0.2b 0.7b - 8.0a -
Lean trimmings 0.1 0.06 - 0.09 1.47 0.8 - 1.26
Fat trim 11.3 10.5 11.8 13.3 15.9 15.9 20.5 18.5
Waste trimmings 17.9c 21.0ab 23.6a 19.0b - - - -
Cooler shrink 8.9d 11.2c 12.7b 15.0a - - - -
Purge 0.43e 0.48e 0.3e 0.6de 1.7bc 1.43cd 3.2a 2.4ab
Total saleable yield 61.4d 56.5e 51.6f 52.0f 81.9a 82.5a 75.9c 78.6c
Porterhouse steaks Short loins 53.1 45.6 48.3 44.6 61.2 58.8 58.1 57.5 [17]
T-bone steaks 16 17.8 14.2 16.1 15.8 15.7 18.1 16.1
Top loin steaks 5.2 6.4 7.0 7.1 6 4.7 5.8 7.2
Beef for stew 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.8 3.3 2 2.5
Lean trimmings 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 2.8 2.8 2.5 3.9
Fat trim 4.1 5.7 4.8 4.4 4.6 7.1 6.4 4.4
Waste trimmings 3.8 3.5 4.2 4.5 - - - -
Cooler shrink 5.4b 6.0b 6.1b 8.5a - - - -
Purge 0.1d 0.5cd 0.6bc 0.3cd 1.1a 0.6bc 1.0ab 1.1a
Total saleable yield 76.5c 72.1d 71.6de 69.8e 87.7a 85.3b 86.6ab 87.1ab
  1. a-f, means within row with different superscripts are significantly different