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Table 3 Ruminal parameters of sheep fed fed trace mineral-fortified microbial culture (TMC)

From: Effect of feeding mixed microbial culture fortified with trace minerals on ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen and trace mineral balance in Sheep

Item Control TMC added SE p value
Ruminal pH 6.41 6.52 0.12 0.3861
Ruminal total VFA1), μmoles/ml 47.1 47.2 8.9 0.9949
Moles/100moles
 Acetate 72.2 73.1 1.2 0.4963
 Propionate 17.8 16.7 2.0 0.6047
 Iso-butyrate 0.22 0.22 0.02 0.8417
 Butyrate 9.32 9.50 1.32 0.8891
 Iso-valerate 0.19 0.22 0.05 0.5152
 Valerate 0.25 0.27 0.04 0.6671
 Caproic acid 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.6746
 Acetate/Propionate 4.12 4.63 0.51 0.3421
Ruminal NH3-N, mg/dl 12.8 12.5 1.7 0.8629
  1. 1) Volatile fatty acids
  2. a,bMeans with different superscripts within the same row are significantly different (p < 0.05)