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Table 7 Trace mineral excretion and retention of sheep fed trace mineral-fortified microbial culture (TMC) 1)

From: Effect of feeding mixed microbial culture fortified with trace minerals on ruminal fermentation, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen and trace mineral balance in Sheep

Item Control TMC added SE p value
  --------- mg/d --------
Fecal excretion
 Zn 38.7b 62.3a 2.1 0.0004
 Cu 10.3b 19.3a 0.3 0.0001
 Co 0.0b 0.1a 0.1 0.0412
 Fe 352.7b 446.0a 24.7 0.0195
 Mn 84.0b 89.3a 1.4 0.0180
 Mo 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.9818
Urinary excretion
 Zn nd2) nd - -
 Cu 0.09 0.05 0.10 0.6792
 Co nd nd - -
 Fe nd nd - -
 Mn nd nd - -
 Mo 0.09 0.05 0.03 0.2302
Retention
 Zn 8.7b 14.9a 2.0 0.0363
 Cu 2.2b 3.9a 0.3 0.0048
 Co 0.011 0.015 0.020 0.9900
 Fe 120.8 138.0 24.7 0.5264
 Mn -1.2 -0.4 1.4 0.5867
 Mo -0.036 -0.007 0.057 0.4903
  1. 1) On a dry matter basis. 2) nd = not detected
  2. a,bMeans with different superscripts within the same row are significantly different (p < 0.05)