Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Body weight, average daily gain and feed conversion ratio of goats supplemented with different levels of choline chloride through forced drinking during pre-parturition and parturition

From: Effect of choline chloride supplementation on milk production and milk composition of Etawah grade goats

Variables Level of choline chloridea (g/2days) SEM P-value
0 4 8
Pre-parturition      
 Initial body weight, kg 38.88 38.75 38.81 3.81 0.998
 Body weight pre-parturition, kg 45.38 45.25 44.83 4.02 0.958
 Average daily gain during late pregnancy, g 116.07 119.07 107.14 33.18 0.826
 Feed conversion ratio, DMI/ADG 10.14 10.48 11.08 2.85 0.840
Parturition      
 Body weight at kidding, kg 36.75 37.13 35.80 3.64 0.757
 Body weight decreased at kidding, kg 8.63 8.13 9.01 1.69 0.584
 Body weight at 12 weeks lactation, kg 37.38 40.44 40.06 3.24 0.144
 Average daily gain during the first 12 weeks lactation, g 7.44c 39.44b 50.74b 23.08 0.003
  1. aBasal diet was supplemented with choline chloride through forced drinking technique
  2. b,cValues followed by different superscripts in the same row differ significantly (p < 0.05)
  3. DMI/ADG dry matter intake/average daily gains
  4. SEM standard error of the means