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Table 3 Effects of clove supplementation on growth performance of the black-meated fowls1 under elevated temperature

From: Acute phase protein mRNA expressions and enhancement of antioxidant defense system in Black-meated Silkie Fowls supplemented with clove (Eugenia caryophyllus) extracts under the influence of chronic heat stress

Parameter Clove inclusion level (mg/kg) PSEM2 P-value Temp*Clove
0 200 400 600    
Initial BW (g) 591.1 590.9 591.2 590.0 0.1   
TC3 group
 d 42-63
  BW (g) 1183.4a 1153.7a 1252.7b 1297.7b 18 0.002 0.2403
  ADG (g) 28.2a 26.8ab 31.5b 33.7b 0.2 0.003 0.1372
 ADFI (g) 36.2a 34.4a 37.5b 43.0b 0.5 0.013 0.0670
  F/G 1.28 a 1.28a 1.19c 1.13c 0.03 0.0042 0.4219
ET4 group
 d 42-63
  BW (g) 1107.6a 1244.0a 1353.4b 1388.0b 23 <0.0001 0.1063
  ADG (g) 24.6a 31.1ab 36.3b 38.0b 0.3 0.011 0.1456
  ADFI (g) 32.9a 37.4a 41.5b 43.0b 0.4 0.001 0.0011
  F/G 1.34b 1.20a 1.14c 1.13c 0.012 0.0033 0.0501
  1. a-c Means with different superscript in a column are significantly different at p < 0.01
  2. 1Data are means of seven replicates. 2PSEM = Pooled standard error of the mean. Temp = temperature
  3. 3 TC: Thermoneutral temperature treatment (24 ± 2 °C); 4 ET: Elevated temperature treatment (35 ± 2 °C)