Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Chemical composition of feed and forages in Jharkhand state (on DM basis)

From: Study on minerals status of dairy cows and their supplementation through area specific mineral mixture in the state of Jharkhand

Feed item CP (%) EE (%) CF (%) NDF (%) ADF (%) AIA (%)
Grains/seeds
 Crushed wheat (4), Triticum aestivum 11.95 ± 0.43 1.98 ± 0.09 1.25 ± 0.07 14.82 ± 0.67 5.63 ± 0.11 0.23 ± 0.04
 Crushed maize (5), Zea mays 8.65 ± 0.12 3.48 ± 0.09 1.92 ± 0.08 15.62 ± 0.12 4.59 ± 0.04 0.26 ± 0.05
Brans/cakes/chunnies
 Wheat bran (5), Triticum aestivum 15.08 ± 0.29 2.08 ± 0.08 16.78 ± 0.62 62.38 ± 0.98 18.93 ± 0.68 3.48 ± 0.11
 Mustard oil cake (6), Brassica campestris 37.98 ± 1.25 6.77 ± 0.34 7.18 ± 0.23 26.66 ± 0.69 17.84 ± 0.39 2.46 ± 0.18
 Linseed meal (4), Linum usitatissimum 32.84 ± 0.86 0.62 ± 0.08 9.5 ± 0.34 24.18 ± 0.27 18.67 ± 0.19 2.05 ± 0.18
 Sesame cake (3), Sesamum indicum 29.80 ± 1.13 8.46 ± 0.68 8.90 ± 0.91 27.44 ± 0.86 16.88 ± 0.48 3.11 ± 0.16
 Gram chunni (3), Cicer arietinum 18.80 ± 1.24 3.56 ± 0.32 11.38 ± 0.23 32.18 ± 2.48 18.68 ± 0.93 0.78 ± 0.11
 Masoor chunni + arhar chunni (4), Lens culinaris + Cajanus cajan 20.85 ± 0.67 1.90 ± 0.34 12.88 ± 0.22 28.38 ± 2.78 17.82 ± 0.82 1.86 ± 0.18
Green fodder/grasses
 Maize green (5), Zea mays 7.24 ± 0.11 1.25 ± 0.08 27.44 ± 0.18 52.68 ± 3.22 33.17 ± 1.23 2.36 ± 0.11
 Para grass (4), Brachiaria mutica 5.35 ± 0.16 1.65 ± 0.11 30.44 ± 0.46 64.89 ± 3.88 31.33 ± 1.44 2.90 ± 0.19
 Local green grasses (6) 4.65 ± 0.09 1.93 ± 0.12 34.68 ± 0.23 58.66 ± 2.88 29.89 ± 2.08 3.11 ± 0.18
 Azolla green (6), Azolla pinnata 22.18 ± 1.45 3.89 ± 0.48 12.7 ± 0.17 36.78 ± 1.88 23.18 ± 1.18 2.56 ± 0.13
Straws/gotars
 Wheat straw (6), Triticum aestivum 2.15 ± 0.11 0.69 ± 0.06 38.44 ± 2.34 78.58 ± 2.33 56.12 ± 3.12 5.44 ± 0.21
 Paddy straw (5), Oryza sativa 3.44 ± 0.18 1.11 ± 0.15 42.32 ± 1.89 68.75 ± 2.44 44.78 ± 3.19 5.18 ± 0.23
 Gram gotar (4); Cicer arietinum 8.11 ± 0.11 2.01 ± 0.19 34.67 ± 1.88 54.89 ± 3.19 38.67 ± 2.18 3.90 ± 0.21
 Arhar gotar (6), Cajanus cajan 8.75 ± 0.19 1.89 ± 0.18 33.88 ± 2.15 56.14 ± 2.28 40.18 ± 3.88 4.18 ± 0.28
 Urd gotar (4), Phaseolus mungo 9.44 ± 0.34 1.44 ± 0.12 29.44 ± 1.09 58.33 ± 1.90 42.23 ± 2.19 4.88 ± 0.31
  1. Figures in the parentheses indicate no. of samples analysed