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Table 2 Macro-minerals content in dry and wet forages (on DM basis)

From: Study on minerals status of dairy cows and their supplementation through area specific mineral mixture in the state of Jharkhand

Particular Ca P Mg S K Na
Critical level* <0.30% <0.25% <0.20 <0.20% <0.9% <0.06%
Wheat straw (69), Triticum aestivum 0.29 ± 0.02 0.06 ± 0.00 0.12 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.01 1.43 ± 0.08 0.04 ± 0.01
Paddy straw (123), Oryza sativa 0.36 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.00 0.17 ± 0.00 0.11 ± 0.00 1.71 ± 0.04 0.12 ± 0.01
Gram straw (4), Cicer arietinum 1.04 ± 0.02 0.11 ± 0.01 0.26 ± 0.01 0.21 ± 0.01 2.05 ± 0.09 0.07 ± 0.01
Masoor straw (3), Lens culinaris 1.17 ± 0.03 0.11 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02 2.01 ± 0.04 0.04 ± 0.01
Arhar straw (6), Cajanus cajan 1.12 ± 0.03 0.13 ± 0.00 0.27 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.00 1.45 ± 0.1 0.03 ± 0.01
Urd straw (4), Phaseolus mungo 0.94 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.31 1.69 ± 0.46 2.08 ± 0.68 3.70 ± 0.81 2.51 ± 0.88
Maize green (22), Zea mays 0.58 ± 0.05 0.33 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.02 0.26 ± 0.02 3.33 ± 0.31 0.03 ± 0.01
Sudan grass (11), Sorghum sudanense 0.58 ± 0.05 0.25 ± 0.01 0.32 ± 0.02 0.19 ± 0.00 2.28 ± 0.06 0.06 ± 0.00
Cowpea green (4), Vigna sinensis 2.01 ± 0.2 0.33 ± 0.03 0.46 ± 0.04 0.34 ± 0.01 2.27 ± 0.16 0.03 ± 0.01
Azolla green (12), Azolla pinnata 1.50 ± 0.08 0.84 ± 0.23 0.41 ± 0.07 0.40 ± 0.04 2.84 ± 0.46 0.70 ± 0.13
Bajri green (4), Pennisetum typhoides 0.59 ± 0.06 0.45 ± 0.04 0.30 ± 0.01 0.21 ± 0.02 2.59 ± 0.42 0.01 ± 0.01
Para grass (4), Brachiaria mutica 0.63 ± 0.07 0.34 ± 0.02 0.19 ± 0.02 0.22 ± 0.01 5.05 ± 0.76 0.01 ± 0.02
Local green grasses (48) 0.88 ± 0.07 0.33 ± 0.02 0.41 ± 0.03 0.38 ± 0.02 3.16 ± 0.15 0.12 ± 0.02
  1. Figures in the parentheses indicate no. of samples analysed
  2. *Concentrations below which are low or considered to be deficient (McDowell et al., 1993), based on requirements for cattle [11]