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Table 3 Macro-minerals content in concentrate feed ingredients (on DM basis)

From: Study on minerals status of dairy cows and their supplementation through area specific mineral mixture in the state of Jharkhand

Particular Ca P Mg S K Na
Critical level* <0.30% <0.25% <0.20% <0.20% <0.9% <0.06%
Crushed maize (25), Zea mays 0.02 ± 0.00 0.26 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.00 0.11 ± 0.00 0.37 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.00
Wheat bran (81), Triticum aestivum 0.12 ± 0.02 0.84 ± 0.03 0.33 ± 0.01 0.20 ± 0.00 1.06 ± 0.03 0.02 ± 0.00
Mustard oil cake (54), Brassica campestris 0.68 ± 0.03 0.96 ± 0.03 0.40 ± 0.02 1.26 ± 0.05 1.12 ± 0.04 0.02 ± 0.00
Cattle feed (21) 0.99 ± 0.1 1.41 ± 0.06 0.78 ± 0.03 0.44 ± 0.03 1.26 ± 0.05 0.65 ± 0.06
Gram chunni (9), Cicer arieninum 0.63 ± 0.14 0.25 ± 0.02 0.33 ± 0.08 0.13 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.03 0.02 ± 0.00
Rice bran (15), Oryza sativa 0.11 ± 0.01 0.46 ± 0.05 0.29 ± 0.02 0.11 ± 0.01 0.61 ± 0.07 0.01 ± 0.00
Maize + wheat mixture (17), Zea mays + Triticum aestivum 0.20 ± 0.07 0.36 ± 0.02 0.20 ± 0.03 0.17 ± 0.02 0.61 ± 0.06 0.02 ± 0.01
Crushed wheat (12), Triticum aestivum 0.06 ± 0.01 0.31 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.00 0.15 ± 0.01 0.41 ± 0.01 0.00 ± 0.00
Wheat grain (5), Triticum aestivum 0.04 ± 0.00 0.30 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.00 0.17 ± 0.01 0.38 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.00
Gram flour (15), Cicer arietinum 0.09 ± 0.02 0.29 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.02 0.74 ± 0.08 0.01 ± 0.00
Kesari dal (3), Lathyrus sativus 0.13 ± 0.00 0.28 ± 0.00 0.14 ± 0.00 0.18 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.09 0.02 ± 0.00
Linseed cake (6), Linum usitatissimum 0.49 ± 0.04 0.58 ± 0.02 0.38 ± 0.01 0.35 ± 0.04 0.92 ± 0.04 0.02 ± 0.00
Maize grain (5), Zea mays 0.01 ± 0.00 0.27 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.01 0.39 ± 0.01 0.01 ± 0.00
Masoor chunni (4), Lens culinaris 0.37 ± 0.02 0.21 ± 0.06 0.28 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.01 0.50 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.00
Masoor + arhar mix chunni (6), Lens culinaris + Cajanus cajan 0.43 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.03 0.21 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.01 0.83 ± 0.15 0.04 ± 0.01
Sesame cake (6), Sesamum indicum 0.64 ± 0.18 0.77 ± 0.04 0.45 ± 0.02 0.54 ± 0.06 1.12 ± 0.04 0.05 ± 0.01
Jowar green (2), Sorghum bicolor 0.43 ± 0.05 0.29 ± 0.02 0.27 ± 0.02 0.20 ± 0.01 2.01 ± 0.16 0.01 ± 0.00
Wheat flour (7), Triticum aestivum 0.06 ± 0.01 0.30 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.00 0.18 ± 0.00 0.41 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.00
Bengal gram (2), Cicer arietinum 0.23 ± 0.02 0.49 ± 0.04 0.18 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.02 1.07 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.01
Maize cake (2), Zea mays 0.07 ± 0.01 0.28 ± 0.02 0.06 ± 0.01 0.24 ± 0.02 0.13 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01
  1. Figures in the parentheses indicate no. of samples analysed
  2. *Concentrations below which are low or considered to be deficient (McDowell et al., 1993), based on requirements for cattle [11]