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Table 4 Micro-minerals content in dry and wet forages (on DM basis)

From: Study on minerals status of dairy cows and their supplementation through area specific mineral mixture in the state of Jharkhand

Particular Cu Zn Mn Fe Co Mo Se
Critical level* <8 ppm <30 ppm <40 ppm <50 ppm <0.10 ppm >6 ppm <0.2 ppm
Wheat straw (69), Triticum aestivum 2.46 ± 0.21 18.00 ± 2.85 225 ± 58.7 509 ± 62 0.32 ± 0.06 0.56 ± 0.03 1.33 ± 0.21
Paddy straw (123), Oryza sativa 2.99 ± 0.14 39.79 ± 1.17 663 ± 28.2 851 ± 82 0.73 ± 0.06 0.21 ± 0.02 0.78 ± 0.00
Gram straw (4), Cicer arietinum 5.93 ± 0.02 17.20 ± 1.28 75 ± 12.3 1,015 ± 136 0.56 ± 0.06 0.87 ± 0.11 0.64 ± 0.07
Masoor straw (3), Lens culinaris 7.01 ± 0.33 20.49 ± 3.33 52 ± 3.1 988 ± 93 0.56 ± 0.04 0.28 ± 0.08 0.36 ± 0.05
Arhar straw (6), Cajanus cajan 7.34 ± 0.43 24.08 ± 1.06 75 ± 2.6 1,124 ± 65 0.70 ± 0.05 0.72 ± 0.05 0.54 ± 0.05
Urd straw (4), Phaseolus mungo 10.42 ± 0.09 24.97 ± 5.10 31 ± 6.0 209 ± 33 0.11 ± 0.02 0.36 ± 0.06 0.30 ± 0.08
Maize green (22), Zea mays 10.22 ± 1.26 37.91 ± 2.07 179 ± 44.1 1,217 ± 189 0.72 ± 0.11 1.96 ± 0.30 0.71 ± 0.10
Sudan grass (11), Sorghum sudanense 09.38 ± 1.00 31.36 ± 1.58 241 ± 64.7 1,018 ± 105 0.51 ± 0.07 0.29 ± 0.10 0.15 ± 0.05
Cowpea green (4), Vigna sinensis 10.42 ± 1.08 39.43 ± 2.24 135 ± 12.6 1,088 ± 105 0.55 ± 0.05 2.52 ± 0.39 1.05 ± 0.12
Azolla green (12), Azolla pinnata 11.38 ± 2.16 131.23 ± 40.55 4,068 ± 826 2,599 ± 43 17.67 ± 2.92 5.06 ± 1.25 0.52 ± 0.10
Bajri green (4), Pennisetum typhoides 19.19 ± 1.34 28.46 ± 2.78 45 ± 7.1 465 ± 197 0.25 ± 0.08 1.35 ± 0.10 0.76 ± 0.10
Para grass (4), Brachiaria mutica 13.14 ± 0.94 29.29 ± 3.20 55 ± 1.5 426 ± 39 0.26 ± 0.03 0.08 ± 0.47 0.08 ± 0.02
Local green grasses (48) 10.43 ± 0.93 42.83 ± 3.22 254 ± 35.5 1,972 ± 506 1.33 ± 0.38 0.08 ± 0.02 0.48 ± 0.05
Jowar green (4), Sorghum bicolor 09.69 ± 1.85 22.77 ± 4.39 115 ± 34.4 548 ± 99 0.35 ± 0.06 0.07 ± 0.00 0.28 ± 0.05
  1. Figures in the parentheses indicate no. of samples analyzed
  2. *Concentrations below which are low or considered to be deficient (McDowell et al., 1993), based on requirements for cattle [11]