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Table 5 Micro-minerals content in concentrate feed ingredients (on DM basis)

From: Study on minerals status of dairy cows and their supplementation through area specific mineral mixture in the state of Jharkhand

Particular Cu Zn Mn Fe Co Mo Se
Critical level* <8 ppm <30 ppm <40 ppm <50 ppm <0.10 ppm >6 ppm <0.2 ppm
Crushed maize (25), Zea mays 02.81 ± 0.26 21.31 ± 0.49 11 ± 0.5 185 ± 38 0.10 ± 0.01 1.63 ± 0.07 1.53 ± 0.12
Wheat bran (81), Triticum aestivum 11.77 ± 0.46 75.21 ± 2.11 100 ± 6.7 475 ± 62 0.23 ± 0.03 0.46 ± 0.05 1.35 ± 0.16
Mustard oil cake (54), Brassica campestris 09.97 ± 0.44 62.32 ± 1.60 70 ± 5.7 1,019 ± 95 0.48 ± 0.05 2.57 ± 0.06 0.60 ± 0.04
Cattle feed (21) 12.71 ± 0.75 124.29 ± 11.08 192 ± 12.5 1,147 ± 120 1.21 ± 0.14 0.95 ± 0.15 0.28 ± 0.04
Gram chunni (9), Cicer arietinum 12.25 ± 2.03 29.33 ± 2.12 51 ± 6.2 608 ± 96 0.38 ± 0.04 3.06 ± 0.15 0.02 ± 0.29
Rice bran (15), Oryza sativa 16.48 ± 2.04 48.06 ± 5.15 200 ± 14.6 791 ± 76 0.32 ± 0.06 0.45 ± 0.05 0.91 ± 0.14
Maize + wheat mixture (17), Zea mays + Triticum aestivum 8.57 ± 0.59 35.77 ± 2.61 43 ± 5.7 713 ± 103 0.41 ± 0.07 0.34 ± 0.33 1.58 ± 0.25
Crushed wheat (12), Triticum aestivum 4.17 ± 0.28 29.31 ± 1.66 30 ± 1.7 217 ± 51 0.18 ± 0.03 0.68 ± 0.03 0.77 ± 0.17
Wheat grain (5), Triticum aestivum 4.97 ± 0.35 31.16 ± 1.95 47.5 ± 3.2 106 ± 11 0.18 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.00 0.68 ± 0.18
Gram flour (15), Cicer arietinum 06.89 ± 1.18 30.69 ± 3.07 24 ± 3.2 221 ± 70 0.30 ± 0.05 0.77 ± 2.45 1.03 ± 0.08
Kesari dal (3), Lathyrus sativus 6.54 ± 0.38 32.36 ± 1.15 43 ± 4.0 999 ± 82 0.59 ± 0.01 0.70 ± 0.23 0.40 ± 0.11
Linseed cake (6), Linum usitatissimum 20.05 ± 1.51 57.82 ± 1.56 70 ± 4.9 1,715 ± 97 1.32 ± 0.08 0.97 ± 0.28 0.64 ± 0.15
Maize grain (5), Zea mays 3.60 ± 0.68 20.23 ± 2.65 10 ± 8.6 278 ± 34 0.18 ± 0.05 1.84 ± 0.23 0.21 ± 0.11
Masoor chunni (4), Lens culinaris 10.70 ± 0.27 44.67 ± 1.61 76 ± 3.1 1,992 ± 10 1.29 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.00 0.68 ± 0.18
Masoor + arhar mix chunni (6), Lens culinaris + Cajanus cajan 13.60 ± 0.31 40.97 ± 2.81 27 ± 1.5 388 ± 73 0.30 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 2.45 0.86 ± 0.12
Sesame cake (6), Sesamum indicum 21.88 ± 1.04 78.42 ± 1.72 60 ± 2.6 1,098 ± 90 0.61 ± 0.05 0.70 ± 0.23 0.40 ± 0.11
Wheat flour (7), Triticum aestivum 5.25 ± 0.04 31.81 ± 0.42 61 ± 12.4 199 ± 17 0.13 ± 0.02 0.97 ± 0.28 0.75 ± 0.26
Bengal gram (2), Cicer arietinum 9.91 ± 0.68 48.88 ± 2.65 30 ± 8.6 173 ± 34 0.36 ± 0.05 0.69 ± 0.23 0.21 ± 0.11
Maize germ cake (2), Zea mays 4.04 ± 0.38 24.61 ± 3.65 5 ± 0.6 158 ± 24 0.02 ± 0.00 0.19 ± 0.03 0.01 ± 0.00
  1. Figures in the parentheses indicate no. of samples analyzed
  2. *Concentrations below which are low or considered to be deficient (McDowell et al., 1993), based on requirements for cattle [11]