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Table 1 Effects of phytochemicals feed-additives on productive performance, carcass and meat quality of broiler

From: Dietary inclusion effects of phytochemicals as growth promoters in animal production

Reference Phasea Phytochemicals Dosage Productive performance b Carcass qualityc Meat qualityd
[29] G and F Thyme and cinnamon 100 and 200 ppm ↑ BWG, FI and FCR 200 ppm ↓abdominal fat % -
[32] G and F Soybean isoflavone 10 to 80 mg/Kg 10 and 20 mg/Kg ↑ BWG and FI - 40 mg/ kg ↑ WHC and pH 40 or 80 mg/Kg ↑lightness ↓MDA
[39] I-F Thyme extract 50, 100, 200, or 400 ppm ↑ BWG - -
[40] I-F Piperine 0, 60, 120, and 180 mg/kg In the final period: 60 mg kg 1 ↑ WG and FCR - -
[41] I-F AV/AGP/10 essential oils (Allium sativum, Zingiber officinale, Trigonella foenum graecum, Eruca sativa & many others in a fixed concentration) 250 and 500 g/ton of feed Herbal ≈ antibiotic The AV/AGP/10 ↑ CY and dressing percentage -
[62] I and G Black cumin seed, Artemisia leaves, Camellia l. 0.3 and 0.5 g/kg Artemisia ↓FI up to 21 d of age. -Black cumin ↑BW at 21 and 42 d of age and ↓FCR. Camellia ↓BW, FI, FCR NE -
[89] I-F Genistein (G) hesperidin (H) 5 mg/kg G H5, 10 20 mg/kg of mixture - - In breast muscles: ↑PFA, n-6/n-3 and PFA/SFA
[90] G and F Oregano, anis and citrus peel 125 ppm ↑ FCR ≈ antibiotic NE ↑tenderness ↑acceptability
[97] I-F Quercetin 0.5 and 1 g/kg of feed Poorer FCR - ↑ MDA
[98] I-F Naringin and Hesperidin 0.75 and 1.5 g/kg NE NE ↑ Oxidative stability
[99] I-F Moringa Olifeira leaf meal 1, 3 and 5 g : 3, 9 and 15 g: 5, 15 and 25 g per kg of feed ↑ FCR ↑BW and ADG - -
[100] I-F Oregano and vitamin E 100 mg/kg of feed NE FI, BWG, and FCR   -The MDA in oregano was the second highest, at 9 d of storage
[101] G Oregano, clove, cinnamon, red pepper 100 ppm NE - -
[102] I and G Sangrovit® Macleaya cordata extract 20 mg/Kf of feed 0.24 mg/Kg of sanguinarine NE FI, BWG, FCR NE -
[103] I Rosemary and oregano Commercial blend of essential oils 50 and 100 mg 1 g of comercial BWG and FCR ≈ avilamycin - -
[121] I-F Biostrong 505 Biostrong 510 0.05% ↑ Growth Biostrong 505 ↑ CW and BR -
[104] F Clove powder Agrinomy extract Lemon balm 1% clove / 0.2% lemon balm extract or agrynomy extract ↑ BWG - first period ↓FCR ↑ CW ↑ Crude protein ↓ Fat ↑ sensory evaluation
[106] I-F oregano, anis and citrus 125 g/t ↑ BWG - -
  1. aFeeding phase: I, initial; G, growing; F, finalization
  2. b BW body weight, BWG body weight gain, FCR Feed conversion ratio, CFI cumulative feed intake, FI feed intake, NE no effect
  3. c CY Carcass yield, CW carcass weight, BR breast weight
  4. d FA fatty acid, MDA malondialdehyde, n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio, PFA polyunsaturated, SFA saturated fatty acid, WHC water holding capacity