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Table 3 Effects of liposomal-curcumin on opportunistic bacteria (ng/uL) found in equine cecal fluid and on cecal fluid characteristics (9 d)a

From: Effects of liposomal-curcumin on five opportunistic bacterial strains found in the equine hindgut - preliminary study

  Treatment1 P -value
0 15 25 35 SEM TRT2 LIN3
Bacterial strains
 SBEC 13.00ab 12.73a 13.68bc 14.12c 0.25 0.02 0.008
E. coli K-12 20.46 19.16 19.73 20.50 1.49 0.20 0.96
E. coli general 32.64 32.77 32.21 33.27 0.37 0.94 0.79
C. difficile 29.61 29.68 30.63 31.15 1.01 0.62 0.25
C. perfringens 49.18 46.36 45.97 43.51 1.36 0.12 0.03
Cecal characteristics
 pH 6.71 6.68 6.68 6.67 0.03 0.82 0.38
 Ammonia, mg/dL 15.89 15.6 9.94 12.25 2.12 0.21 0.11
 Total VFA, mM 51.59 71.15 73.68 65.32 6.14 0.11 0.10
VFA, mol/100 mol
 Acetate 35.53 36.64 36.64 40.91 1.98 0.28 0.10
 Propionate 49.68 52.75 54.75 50.15 1.96 0.34 0.62
 Isobutyrate 3.97 1.67 1.31 0.59 1.90 0.54 0.19
 Butyrate 10.63 9.57 8.09 8.46 0.62 0.06 0.01
 Isovalerate 0.40 0.13 0.14 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.03
 Valerate 0.68a 0.32b 0.28b 0.24b 0.09 0.02 0.005
  1. aData are means of 4 cannulated horses per replicate. a-cMeans within a row with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  2. 1Treatments: 0 = control (no nutraceutical); 15 = 15 g; 25 = 25 g; 35 = 35 g of 500 mg/g 95% liposomal-curcumin
  3. 2 P-value for treatment means
  4. 3 P-value for linear contrast