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Table 3 Fatty acid composition of M. longissimus dorsi muscles in LYD and KNP breeds

From: Physicochemical properties of M. longissimus dorsi of Korean native pigs

Breeds Items LYD KNP Overall mean t-values
Myristic 1.64 ± 0.13 1.35 ± 0.34 1.50 ± 0.19 6.40***
Palmitic 25.30 ± 0.76 24.47 ± 0.69 24.88 ± 0.83 3.14**
Palmitoleic 3.10 ± 0.20 3.08 ± 0.28 3.09 ± 0.24 0.23NS
Stearic 14.46 ± 1.57 13.29 ± 1.21 13.88 ± 1.50 2.27**
Oleic 46.24 ± 2.09 43.87 ± 2.59 45.05 ± 2.60 2.75*
Vaccenic 0.26 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.14 0.20 ± 0.64 30.16***
Linoleic 7.23 ± 0.66 11.77 ± 1.11 9.50 ± 2.48 13.63***
g-Linoleic 0.06 ± 0.11 0.05 ± 0.06 0.06 ± 0.09 2.46*
Linolenic 0.40 ± 0.32 0.42 ± 0.04 0.41 ± 0.04 2.24*
Eicosenoic 0.97 ± 0.07 1.13 ± 0.06 1.05 ± 0.11 6.99***
Arachidonic 0.35 ± 0.10 0.41 ± 0.04 0.38 ± 0.08 2.38*
SFAa 41.40 ± 2.39 39.11 ± 1.88 40.25 ± 2.41 2.91**
USFAb 58.60 ± 2.39 60.89 ± 1.88 59.75 ± 2.41 2.91**
MUFAc 50.57 ± 2.28 48.22 ± 2.75 49.40 ± 2.76 2.54*
PUFAd 8.04 ± 0.72 12.66 ± 1.13 10.35 ± 2.53 13.39***
MUFA/SFA 1.23 ± 0.12 1.24 ± 0.13 1.23 ± 0.12 0.24NS
PUFA/SFA 0.20 ± 0.02 0.32 ± 0.02 0.26 ± 0.07 14.99***
  1. All values are the mean ± standard deviation
  2. aSFA Saturated fatty acid, bUSFA Unsaturated fatty acid, cMUFA Monounsaturated fatty acid, dPUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acid
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, NSNon-significant