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Table 5 Pre- and post-therapeutic variations of CRS, ULS and laboratory indices in calves with bronchopneumonia (n = 10)

From: Comparative evaluation of ultrasonography with clinical respiratory score in diagnosis and prognosis of respiratory diseases in weaned dairy buffalo and cattle calves

  Control (n = 6) Pre- and post-therapeutic days
At admission (0) 5 10 20 30
CRS 1.7 ± 0.2 5.4 ± 0.2a 3.8 ± 0.2b 2.6 ± 0.2c 1.8 ± 0.2d 1.5 ± 0.2d
ULS 0.0 ± 0.0 3.4 ± 0.3a 3.2 ± 0.2ab 2.9 ± 0.3abc 2.6 ± 0.2bc 2.3 ± 0.1c
RBCs (×1012/L) 7.8 ± 0.2 8.4 ± 0.4 8.1 ± 0.3 7.8 ± 0.2 8.2 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.1
PCV (%) 27 ± 1 28 ± 0.8 29 ± 0.6 29 ± 0.7 28 ± 0.3 29 ± 0.4
Hemoglobin (g/L) 96 ± 3 97 ± 3 99 ± 2 98 ± 2 102 ± 1 99 ± 1
WBCs (×109/L) 7.7 ± 0.4 11.7 ± 1a 10.5 ± 0.9ab 9.3 ± 0.4b 8.8 ± 0.2b 9 ± 0.2b
Total proteins (g/L) 58 ± 1.5 66 ± 3 65 ± 2 63 ± 2 62 ± 1 63 ± 1
Albumin (g/L) 26 ± 0.9 25 ± 1 24 ± 0.9 25 ± 0.7 26 ± 1.1 27 ± 0.6
Globulins (g/L) 32 ± 1.2 41 ± 2 41 ± 2 38 ± 2 36 ± 1 36 ± 1
AST (U/L) 62 ± 6 81 ± 5a 83 ± 3a 81 ± 3a 78 ± 3ab 69 ± 3b
GGT (U/L) 24 ± 1.3 23 ± 1.5 21 ± 0.9 20 ± 0.5 22 ± 0.5 21 ± 0.5
Arterial blood gas analysis
 pH 7.36 ± 0.01 7.33 ± 0.01 7.32 ± 0.01 7.31 ± 0.02 7.32 ± 0.01 7.32 ± 0.01
 PCO2 (mmHg) 48 ± 2 56 ± 3a 54 ± 3ab 51 ± 1ab 50 ± 2ab 49 ± 1b
 PO2 (mmHg) 88 ± 2 58 ± 3b 66 ± 3ab 69 ± 2ab 73 ± 2ab 75 ± 3a
 Bicarbonate (mmol/L) 29 ± 1 29 ± 0.8 29 ± 0.7 28 ± 0.6 27 ± 0.6 27 ± 0.5
 BE (mmol/L) 2.2 ± 0.5 −0.7 ± 1.6 0.9 ± 0.3 0.6 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.2
  1. CRS Clinical respiratory score, ULS ultrasound lung score
  2. a,b,c,d values of different superscript letters in the same raw differs significantly (P < 0.05)