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Table 1 Formula and chemical composition of experimental diets (as-fed basis)

From: Effects of weaning and castration ages on growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics in Hanwoo steers

Item Calf starter Growing Early fattening Late fattening
  Formula (%)
Corn grain 5.00 27.0 35.6 37.0
Wheat grain 9.90 8.0 9.0 17.6
Milk replacer 10.15
Cane molasses 4.5 4.0 5.3
Tapioca residue 2.9 4.0 5.3
Wheat flour 1.0 1.0 1.0
Rapeseed meal 6.0 0.8
Whey powder 10.00
Soybean hull 10.00
Wheat bran 14.00 7.0 5.0 5.0
Corn gluten feed 10.00 13.0 14.0 15.0
Isolated soy protein 5.50
Distillers grain 8.1
Coconut meal 6.0 5.0 1.8
Palm kernel meal 12.0 10.0 6.0
Banana meal 10.00
Beet pulp 8.00
Soybean oil 3.00 0.1 0.1 0.1
Limestone (1 mm) 1.85 2.4 1.7 1.5
Salt dehydrate 0.50 0.5 0.5 0.5
DCP 0.40
Calf mix (additive) 1.70
  Chemical composition (%)
Dry matter 89.80 88.67 88.50 87.71
Crude protein 24.30 14.10 12.16 12.00
Ether extract 7.56 3.69 4.33 3.47
Crude fiber 4.72 7.30 6.82 6.71
NDF1 27.13 26.51 24.79 23.76
Ca 1.30 1.13 0.80 0.85
P 0.69 0.45 0.39 0.35
Crude ash 8.39 7.89 5.79 5.30
TDN 84.50 70.41 72.92 73.32
  1. DCP dicalcium phosphate, NDF neutral detergent fiber, TDN total digestible nutrients